BEDA


BEDA
BEDA (Fritz Loehner; Fritz Loewy; 1883–1942), Viennese journalist, satirist, and operetta librettist. Born in Wildenschwert, now Usti nad Orlici in the Czech Republic, the Loewy family changed its name to Loehner soon after moving to Vienna. There Beda, whose name is short for Bedrich, Czech for Friedrich, studied law, though already during his school days he had begun to write satirical verse, including some which ridiculed Jews who were attempting to assimilate into Austrian society. In the 1920s Beda became one of the most popular librettists in Vienna. Several of his works provoked scandals, and quotations from them became household words. The satires were published in contemporary Zionist periodicals, and subsequently collected in Getaufte und Baldgetaufte ("Baptized and Newly Baptized," 1908); and in Israeliten und andere Anti-semiten ("Israelites and Other Anti-Semites," 1909). A collection of personal lyrics is Ecce ego (1920). His best-known libretti (with co-authors) were for Franz Lehar's Land of Smiles (1929) and Paul Abraham's Ball in Savoy (1932); he also collaborated with Fritz Gruenbaum. He was active in the Zionist student organization kadimah , and president of the Hakoah sports club, for whose benefit he organized the "Beda-Abende," one of the highlights of the Vienna season. In 1925 he married Helene Jellinek, with whom he had two daughters. In 1938 Beda was arrested and sent to Dachau, and subsequently deported to the buchenwald concentration camp. There he organized cultural activities and in a competition initiated by the camp commandant for a "camp song," Beda's entry (submitted in a "kapo's" name), the "Buchenwaldlied," was chosen as the winner and later became widely known as a reaffirmation that "whatever our fate we still say 'yes' to life." Beda's wife, her mother, and both their daughters   were deported to Minsk in 1942. Beda himself died in auschwitz that same year. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Baar (ed.), 50 Jahre Hakoah (1959), 27, 227–8, 258–60; W. Barrel et al., Buchenwald (Ger. 1960), index; S. Czech, Schoen ist die Welt (1957), 34, 258–86, 292; MGG; G. Schwarberg, Dein ist mein ganzes Herz. Die Geschichte von Fritz Löhner-Beda (2000); B. Denscher and H. Peschina, Kein Land des Laechelns. Fritz Löhner-Beda 1883–1942 (2002). (Lisa Silverman (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Beda — ist der männliche Vorname folgender Personen: Beda Venerabilis OSB (672/673–735), ein englischer Benediktinermönch, Theologe und Geschichtsschreiber Beda Adlhoch OSB (1854–1910; Taufname Franz Xaver), Benediktiner im bayerischen Kloster Metten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • bedă — BÉDĂ, bede, s.f. (înv. şi reg.) Necaz, pacoste. – Din sl. beda. Trimis de paula, 02.06.2002. Sursa: DLRM  BÉDĂ s. v. aghiuţă, bănuială, belea, bucluc, dandana, demon, diavol, drac, încornoratul, încurcătură, naiba, năpastă, neajuns, necaz,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Beda — Beda,   Baeda, genannt Beda Venerabilis [lateinisch »Beda der Ehrwürdige«], angelsächsischer Benediktiner und Gelehrter, * im Gebiet des Klosters Wearmouth (Northumbrien, heute in Sunderland, Counties Tyne and Wear) 672/673 (auch 673/674), ✝… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • BEDA UK — BEDA is a National Association of welfare based organisations founded in 2002 with branches throughout the United Kingdom. Formed to initially act as a stop gap for other voluntary and governmental organisations involved in the welfare, care and… …   Wikipedia

  • będą — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}{z kogoś} {{/stl 8}}ludzie {{/stl 13}}{{stl 7}} z uznaniem o osobie, która wykazała się czymś godnym pochwały, wskazującym, że stanie się kimś wartościowym, znającym się na czymś, pożytecznym : {{/stl 7}}{{stl 10}}Popatrz, jak …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Beda — Beda, 1) (a. Geogr.), Ort der Treviri in Gallia Belgica; jetzt Bidburg; 2) (Bedah), Volksstamm in Ceylon, wahrscheinlich Ureinwohner hier u. in vielen ostindischen Inseln, verdrängt von den Malaien; hellfarbig (vgl. Kakerlak), wohnen in… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Beda [1] — Beda (german. Mythologie), s. Aläsiagä …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Beda [2] — Beda, mit dem Zunamen Venerabilis (»der Ehrwürdige«), gelehrter Theolog, geb. wahrscheinlich 672 (673) im Gebiete des Klosters Wearmouth (Northumberland), dessen Schule er besuchte, Mönch und Diakonus im Kloster St. Paul zu Jarrow und Lehrer an… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Beda — Beda, genannt Venerabĭlis »der Ehrwürdige«, Kirchenhistoriker, geb. 674 im Gebiet des Klosters Wearmouth in Northumberland, wirkte im Kloster Jarrow als Lehrer und Schriftsteller, gest. 26. Mai 735. Von seinen Schriften bes. wichtig seine… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • bėda — bėdà dkt. Tą̃ móterį nuõlat kamúoja visókios bė̃dos …   Bendrinės lietuvių kalbos žodyno antraštynas


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.